Wissen macht Zukunft…

Wie erfolgskritisch Wissen und Information und dem zur Folge auch Wissensmanagement ist, zeigte sich wieder einmal bei der BMWi-Konferenz „Wissen macht Zukunft“ im Sommer dieses Jahres.

„Der Vorsprung an Wissen ist unser einziger und entscheidender Wettbewerbsvorteil“

stellte der Parlamentarische Staatssekretär beim Bundesminister für Wirtschaft und Technologie und Mittelstandsbeauftragte der Bundesregierung, Hartmut Schauerte, noch einmal klar.

Interessant ist die Veränderung des Grundtenors: Wo früher Wissensmanagement erst als Allheilmittel verschrien wurde, dann enttäuschte und anschließend lediglich als theoretische Möglichkeit angesehen wurde, scheint es jetzt, auch gestützt durch gute Praxisresultate, einen belegbaren und unzweifelhaften Beitrag zu leisten – und das eben nicht mehr nur bei Wissensmanagementanhängern sondern auch bei Fachfremden. Auch die Kraft die in Communities steckt scheint inzwischen nicht mehr angezweifelt zu werden.

Eine begrüßenswerte Entwicklung. Jetzt muss sich zeigen ob dieser Paradigmenwechsel auch in Taten umgesetzt wird.

Ein kurzer Blick auf das Thema Innovation…

Wenn wir uns mit Information, Wissen und Intangible Assets auseinandersetzen ist der Weg zum Thema Innovation nicht weit. Basieren sie doch nicht nur auf Kreativität und Marktsituationen sondern auch auf Information, Wissen und Intangible Assets. Gerade wo eine höhere Dynamik im wirtschaftlichen Alltag festzustellen ist wird Innovation zu dem entscheidenden Faktor im Wettbewerb. Für Deutschland als ressourcenschwaches Land ist es gar von besonderer Bedeutung.

Die Bosten Consulting Group unterstreicht dies im Report Innovation 2007 indem herausgestellt wird, dass Innovation für alle Regionen der Welt von entscheidender Bedeutung sind.

Zeit nun einen Blick auf die Situation in Deutschland zu werfen. Der Innovationsindikator 2007 belegt was wir häufig in der Praxis wahrnehmen: Es steht nicht zum Besten wenn es um das Thema Innovation in Deutschland geht. Tatsächlich haben sich einige Indikatoren im Vergleich zu 2006 sogar verschlechtert.

e-Learning: Re-Thinking Education

Hier ein Video der Weltbank von 2007 zum Thema e-Learning. Teilnehmer Harry Patrinos
und Robert Schank.

Hier die Beschreibung:
The event “e-Learning: Re-Thinking Education”, which took place at the World Bank headquarters in Washington D.C. on November 8th featured Robert Schank, Founder of the Institute of e-Learning and Professor at Northwestern University. Harry Patrinos, Lead Education Economist at the World Bank introduced the speaker and chaired the event.
Schank started by stating that he is challenging basic beliefs about education, and acknowledged that his views on the subject are radical. He criticized the current educational system by stating that it was not developed with students in mind. Rather, it is controlled by governments and universities. The current system, he said, was established by Harvard University in 1982 to prepare students for that institution by teaching the same subjects taught there. And while the country, under this system, does succeed at producing intellectuals, there is still a 50 percent drop-out rate in urban schools. This is a system, Schank explained, where there is too much lecturing and too little application of the skills learned. Lecturing, he said, suppresses the students’ own thoughts and reactions to the material learned. Students most often forget all the material they learn after they are tested, with the exception of that which they apply in their every day lives. It is a system that persists, Schank stated, because of economic reasons and resistance to change by universities.

Schank went on to explain why this style of learning, and the current school system, is so flawed. Practice, he said, is everything in learning. He pointed out that evidence suggests that the mind has not changed much over the last 100,000 years, and that humans have been using language for at least that long. However, consciousness may be a relevantly recent phenomenon in human history. If this is recent, he asked, is learning then a conscious process? Schank pointed out that the knowledge that truly matters is that which is used daily at a job, or in day to day life, and which one may not be able to articulate. This is unconscious knowledge. Schank stated that while most necessary learning is absorbed unconsciously, teaching is still taught consciously. He also pointed out that the problem with reading is that it tells the same story regardless of the person who is doing it. Finally, he criticized the idea of teaching students what they don’t want to know, rather than personalizing the curriculum.

Schank then explained the role e-Learning can potentially play in changing education as we know it today. Current e-Learning he says, aims to copy schools by a more efficient delivery our current conception of education. However, Information Technology, Schank said, allows us to create a new model of education that resembles the ancient model. In this model teachers can teach as needed, students pursue goals they want to pursue, learning is just in time, practice is key, students learn by doing, and they are tested by performance and not competence. The computer changes the nature of where we can find the expertise, since learning can be mediated my mentors that are anywhere in the world. It is not impossible to imagine, Schank stated, a multitude of mentors spread around the world who could teach a multitude of different subjects—something that is not possible in schools. Computer and team learning can also replicate work in the real world. Here, a student can ask help from the teacher, the online mentor, the fellow students (who are not competing, but collaborating with the work), use books, or use the web. In the question and answer session, audience members asked about how to deal with those who claim that practical based training does not constitute education, the role of the teacher in his proposed system, and how students may have difficulties adapting to society after they have graduated.

Und hier das Video: e-Learning: Re-Thinking Education

Conference on Intellectual Capital for Communities

Hier das Video der Conference on Intellectual Capital for Communities aus dem Jahr 2005 von der Weltbank. Teilnehmer sind Jean-Eric Aubert, Ahmed Bounfour, Leif Edvinsson, Dominique Guellec, Guenter Koch, Oluf Nielsen, Graham Vickery u.a.

Hier eine Beschreibung:
The knowledge economy has become credited with an increasing role in the world’s productivity. Because of its importance, the Knowledge for Development Group of the World Bank Institute organized an international conference on “Intellectual Capital for Communities” in partnership with the University of Marne la-Vallée. Taking place at the World Bank Paris office on June 20, 2005, the final panel of the day was chaired by Jean-Eric Aubert, Lead Specialist at the World Bank Institute, and included as panelists Ahmed Bounfour, professor at the University of Marne-la-Vallée; Graham Vickery, Head of Unit at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD); Oluf Nielsen, Scientific Officer at the European Commission; Dominique Guellec, Chief Economist at the European Patent Office; Leif Edvinsson, adjunct Professor at Lund University; and Guenter Koch, Chairman of Execupery.

The panel noted that there needs to be a higher level of data surrounding the problem of intellectual capital—not only in amount, but also in the ability to crosslink and share data. The lack of an international common market and legal framework for intellectual property was also seen as a problem that needs political leadership. However, panelists and respondents recognized that the recipients of good or bad decisions on intellectual capital will be people too young to participate in current conferences or discussions. Any frameworks created must be sustainable and robust.

Und hier der Link zum Video:
Conference on Intellectual Capital for Communities